Parapsychology Journalism: The People, The Theory, The Science, The Skeptics
Psychic ability is most prominent in people who are characterized as “right brained.” While there is certainly a bias against psychic ability, I have been slowly getting a bigger picture of what actually happens. Yes, psychic ability makes people uncomfortable, but also creativity, inventiveness and innovative thinking. This problem starts in school:
Classrooms that stifle creativity
Yet according to psychologists and education experts, schools do not promote, teach, or encourage divergent thinking. The experts warn that the education system today lacks the type of curricula, teaching, and structure that lets creativity flourish, and divergent thinking skills predominate.
Sir Ken Robinson, PhD, and an internationally recognized leader in the development of creativity, innovation and human resources, states that rather than nurture and enhance creativity, the current educational system actually stifles it.
In his many books, papers, and lectures, he states that the system is based on the intellectual culture of the enlightenment, and the industrial revolution. The need for trained workers to work in factories became a driving force behind public education, a system based on production lines, the ringing of bells, and educating kids in batches by age rather than skills and abilities. In other words, it’s a system based on conformity, a system that believes in one right way or answer for every problem.
But environments that enforce conformity destroy creativity, according to Robinson.
Mark A. Runco, PhD, executive director of the Torrance Center for Creativity and Talent Development at the University of Georgia College of Education, also states that creative thinking most often involves nonconformity, unconventional thinking, autonomy, and room for self-expression. These facets are not found in the typical U.S. classroom.
This problem of course, will carry into the workplace. In a society where children have been taught conformity from an early age, the non conformist will not be rewarded for being different. In business, everyone says that they want creativity, but when it is presented things play out entirely differently:
(…) creativity was named the single most important attribute for success in leading a large corporation in the future. That finding is hardly surprising to Mueller. “There is research that shows that those who have their own creative ideas are better leaders,” she notes. “Those individuals know how to recognize good ideas, are open to them and know how to get creative ideas through [the organization]. Selecting creative leaders is the critical challenge organizations face.”
(…)But understanding the need for creativity within a large company is not the same as actually fostering it. Indeed, Mueller’s work shows that those who think outside the box may be penalized for it.
The group found a significant correlation between being creative and being seen as poor management material. “By definition, people will say creativity is positive,” Mueller states. “It is almost impossible to get people to say they don’t want creativity. But when someone actually voices a creative idea, there is a response of, ‘Wow — What is that?’ This issue really comes to life at the moment the idea is voiced. There is discomfort when people encounter creativity.”
For me personally, this information is revealing. I am a creative sort and like everyone else, I was taught that this is a good thing, but in reality, it never carried over into any success in the corporate world and I was forced to go out on my own for steady employment. It was only when I was free from the arbitrary judgment of others and succeeded or failed only on my own merits that I really felt comfortable. Now I know why. It’s helpful to understand the reality of the situation and I can’t help but wonder how much other highly creative/psychic/anomalously sensitive children and adults would benefit from knowing how society views them.
It will surely be difficult to change this attitude. It is not like ordinary bigotry that can be easily identified and dealt with. This is more subtle because it plays on the subconscious of those who discriminate. They are not aware of their discriminatory attitude and would likely deny it and point to other reasons for their decisions and most importantly, they would utterly believe it.
For proof, one need only look at what passes for a creativity test in school:
Now consider this scenario: you want to sit at a given table, but the only available chair at the table is broken; the chair only has three legs. What can you do with the broken chair to be able to sit at the table?
How did you go about answering this question? How many possible solutions did you imagine?
Unlike our first question, this second one has no single ‘correct’ answer. Maybe you’d find something to serve as the fourth leg, or otherwise repair the chair. Maybe you’d prop the chair against a leg of the table to help stabilize it in some way. Maybe you’d move the broken chair out of the way, and pull up something else to sit on. Coming up with multiple solutions to a single problem is known as divergent thinking. Divergent thinking has been linked to creativity, or the ability to come up with new and valuable ideas. (…)
(…)Although some psychologists have argued that IQ tests focus too much on analytical intelligence and ignore creativity, people who score well on intelligence tests tend do well on tests that are specifically designed to assess creativity. This supports Charles Spearman’s theory of general intelligence, which is a general level of intelligence that remains steady across a variety of mental tasks.
Of course this isn’t really a test of creativity. It’s not even close. Divergent thinking is not creativity and should not be used for measuring it. For one, although there is more than one answer, this is not very open ended. The other problem is that it is more linear than actual creative thought. If you want a real test of creativity, hand someone a blank piece of paper and some colors have have them make an abstract piece of art. The ability of someone to come up with a balanced, interesting picture of a non identifiable object with multiple layers of interest is a much better test. Creativity flourishes in the absence of boundaries. If you want to truly test creativity, you need to remove as many boundaries as possible.
High intelligence is, to a certain degree, dependent on the ability of people to access both right and left brain abilities. However, there will always be people who excel at linear, logical intelligence and others who excel at creative intelligence. These two traits are very, very rarely found in the same person. The genius that those people display is recognizable by everyone so they are not being discussed here. What I am focused on are those people who do very, very well creatively, but are mediocre or ordinary at linear, logical thinking. It is morally wrong to test their weaknesses and ignore their strengths.
What is happening here is that tests are being created that allow linear, logical thinkers to pass themselves off as creative. While the tests might show a limited amount of creativity in a person predisposed to linear, logical thinking, it does not speak to people who are weak in this type of thinking, but excel at creativity. Creativity excels in the absence of boundaries. The fewer boundaries, the better. All these formal tests though, have strong boundaries. One gets the sense that the people creating these tests don’t understand creativity very well. Here’s an example of a better creativity test: This is the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking.
You’re supposed to do something creative with the images in the boxes and the diamonds. Here’s an example of using the boxes:
And the diamonds:
The consequence of this is that millions of adults are underemployed and their skills are poorly utilized in an economy that desperately needs their talents. These same adults are then less productive as they struggle with depression and immune problems due to stress. Children will appear to have potential, but fail to live up to it. They will be viewed as smart, but unfocused and easily distractable. In fact, they are all laboring to survive in a system that ignores their talents and over values talents that are weaknesses for them.
This is a situation that needs to be rectified. Creative, innovative (psychic) people are extremely important to the success of society and diminishing their status and respectability hurts everyone. Thinking holistically -which is what this personality type does best, is utterly necessary for the good of society. Otherwise, we’ll have a society dominated by special interests, pursuing agendas with short term goals that have disastrous long term consequences and run by corruptible people who are most highly motivated by their own selfish interests. It would be a complete nightmare.
It’s here already.